First off, what is gingivitis? Well, gingivitis is the early stage of periodontal disease. Gingivitis causes your gums to become red, sore, and inflamed. Gingivitis is often uncomfortable and if left untreated can lead to gum tissue loss, loss of bone that supports the teeth, and eventually tooth loss. The good news is that it can be reversed if caught early enough. And, we can treat gingivitis at AquaSprings Dental in San Marcos, Texas.
So, what causes gingivitis? Gingivitis is caused by plaque and bacteria that gets built up around the gums. Plaque (the sticky film that builds up on your teeth) releases acids that attack your teeth’s enamel and causes decay. Most of the time it is caused by poor oral hygiene. When you have gingivitis, you will most likely experience puffy gums and bleeding gums when brushing and flossing. Other things that might cause gingivitis is smoking, pregnancy, some medications, and even diabetes.
However, the good news is that gingivitis is reversible. The first thing you should do is have good oral hygiene. It is important to brush twice a day for 2 minutes each time and floss daily. Flossing is especially important. When you forget to floss, plaque builds up and keeps working at your teeth’s enamel. If plaque is still left around the gums and teeth, it then becomes tartar along the gum line. Tartar makes it difficult for you to clean your teeth and gums completely. Tartar buildup leads to gum irritation and inflammation, causing gingivitis. You also need to be sure to come twice a year to see Dr. Aponte for your check-up. We can often detect minor inflammation and other signs of gingivitis before it causes any discomfort or issues.
Remember, if you are able to catch gingivitis early enough, it can be reversed. However, if left untreated, it will turn into periodontal disease. Always practice good oral hygiene. And, if you smoke, are pregnant or menopausal, have heart disease, diabetes, epilepsy, or HIV infection, or suffer from poor nutrition, you are more likely to have gum disease.